The above images is the mouth of an adult dog with significant tartar buildup on the tooth surface. This dog had the majority of this teeth removed. Many teeth were very loose and easily extracted. This can be avoided by having regular dental checkups for your pet.
It is estimated that approx. 85% of cats and dogs over 4 years have some form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease occurs when plaque, a film of bacteria, begins to form on the tooth surface. If not removed, mineral salts within food combine with saliva to form tartar. Tartar is irritating to the gums and causes inflammation, this is known as gingivitis. Once the bacteria have worked their way under the gums they begin to affect the supporting structures of the tooth. This is the leading cause of tooth loss in adult cats and dogs.
How do I know if my pet needs a dental cleaning?
An examination of your pets mouth will determine if they need a dental. Firstly, an examination of the gums may show signs of gingivitis such as bleeding. Tartar may be observed as a brown/ yellow hard substance on the teeth close to the gum line.
Other signs your pet may have dental disease:
1: Bad breath
2: Reluctance to eat hard food / any food
3: Loose or missing teeth
4: Pawing at mouth
5: Excessive drooling
If your pet is exhibiting any of these signs make an appointment to see your vet as soon as possible.
Remember we offer free nurse dental clinics here are Blarney Veterinary Clinic.